Update: September 16th, 2013:
We have received a great deal of feedback on this post. I am thankful that this information has helped a lot of people and protected people from being taken advantage of by these scammers.
Christopher Laursen with European Domain Centre sent me this link and asked me to share it. It has additional information about this particular scam, including a list of senders.
Please feel free to continue to leave comments with your updates on this post. We have the comments set to be approved before they show up because of the high volume of spam this particular post receives (most of it originating from the People's Republic of China...coincidence?)